The Arab Republic of Egypt is actually located on two continents- the southwest corner of Asia, and the northeast corner of Africa. It is connected to Asia by a land bridge to the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a fairly large country, covering an area of 390,000 square miles; the majority of the land is desert. Parts of Egypt are the most densely populated areas in the world - part of the reason is that most cities and towns are right beside the River Nile.
Overall, Egypt has an arid desert climate. This means that it can get extremely hot during the summer months, but the temperatures tend to drop rapidly at night. The winters in this part of the world are very mild. It is possible to divide Egypt into zones, including:
The Desert Zone
The Desert Zone can have widely fluctuating temperatures over the course of a 24-hour period. During the summer months, the temperature can be above 40 degrees Celsius during the day and fall to about 7 degrees Celsius at night. The temperatures fluctuate less during the winter months. This is a very dry area with less than 80 mm of rain each year.
North Eastern Egypt
The northeastern part of Egypt also sees a fluctuation between day and night temperatures, but it tends to be less than in the desert zone. The daytime temperatures also tend to be lower overall throughout the year because of the closeness to the sea. This area is less arid than the desert zone with about 200 mm of rain each year.
Seasons in Egypt
Egypt only really has two seasons:
- Winter - November to April
- Summer - May to October
The winters in Egypt are very mild except at night when the temperatures can drop quite low.